Brown Discharge: Causes and Treatment


Many women feel uneasy when they think their reproductive organs may not be perfectly healthy. Any unusual secretion from the vagina is one of the main reasons for concern. This is why brown discharge makes many women panic.

However, you shouldn’t get worked up over this issue before you understand what causes it. There are many reasons that can lead to this particular condition, and the majority of them don’t pose any danger to your health.

The Most Common Causes of Brown Discharge

  • The release of endometrium before your period – This process results in a light brown fluid being released from your vagina before your period due to hormonal changes.
    The alterations in your hormone levels that can bring forth this issue usually occur due to birth control pills. However, in some cases this can be a natural reaction of your cycle.
  • Implantation bleeding – This is the name for the process that takes place inside your body after conception. The “bleeding” shows in the form of light brown or pink fluid. It occurs due to the uterus being ruptured when an embryo attaches itself to its wall. A pregnant woman is likely to display this type of vaginal discharge about three days after ovulation or right before her next period.
  • Polyps – This is one of the cases when this condition indicates a health issue that will require close medical attention. Polyps are tumors that can cause some serious harm to your health. The discharge is caused by the bleeding that occurs due to damage to your inner organs. If this condition isn’t treated quickly, a woman may develop problems that will reduce her ability to conceive and carry a child.
  • Delayed period – In this case, the discharge before period is caused by the shedding of endometrial tissues. As the older cells are darker, the secretion will be heavier and more brownish in color than your normal period. Please note that in case of a delay, your period can last longer. If you don’t suffer from any health conditions that affect your reproductive system and the discharge has a similar texture to your normal period, there is nothing to worry about. However, if the situation repeats itself the following month, you should consult a doctor.
  • Altered blood – This particular type usually occurs after your period. You need to keep an eye out for it as this can be a sign of serious health issues. The most common reason for altered blood is the damage caused by infections or STDs. In some cases, this can also be an indication of cervical cancer. This is why you should always consult a doctor if you display brown discharge after your period.
  • Cervical irritation – This condition is common for pregnant women. It occurs when your uterus is being stretched to accommodate the fetus. The color of the liquid can be rather dark because the blood is old.
  • Implantation in the fallopian tube – In this case, the condition will be accompanied by pain. You must contact a gynecologist right away if you show these symptoms.
  • Miscarriage – Heavy discharge combined with pain and cramping are indications of a miscarriage. It’s imperative to seek medical attention immediately if these symptoms occur. Every minute counts in this case, as the damage your reproductive organs will suffer during this period can be lasting and affect your ability to conceive in the future.
  • Viral infection – If you have a viral infection, it will be followed by pain, vaginal odor, and itching. You should go to a doctor right away as the longer the infection lasts, the harder it will be to cure.

The vagina is a self-cleansing organ. You should not wash inside it as this can increase the risk of upsetting the natural balance of bacteria. In some cases, this can lead to unusual vaginal secretion. You also should not use perfumed soaps to clean your genitals.

Treatment Options

In the majority of the cases, vaginal discharge is completely normal. In fact, this is a good sign as it indicates that your vagina can cleanse itself and get rid of the dead cells. However, if you experience unpleasant feelings, such as itching or pain, you should consult a gynecologist.

In case it is caused by other health problems, you will need to treat the reason behind it.

As this condition is often a result of bacterial or yeast infection, you can reduce the risk of developing it in the first place if you follow a few simple rules:

  • Always keep your genitals clean – You need to wash regularly to remove any bacteria and dirt. Use mild soap and warm water.
  • Do not overindulge in bubble baths – Scented bubble baths are full of chemicals that will disrupt the precarious balance of bacteria inside your vagina. If you absolutely love playing with bubbles, choose the mildest product you can find.
  • Wipe from front to back after you use the bathroom – This will prevent bacteria from getting into your body.
  • Avoid underwear made of synthetic fabrics – Cotton is the best choice for panties, but silk is also an excellent option. Synthetic fabrics prevent your skin from breathing. This makes you sweat profusely and can turn your underwear in a perfect breeding ground for bacteria.